TYPES OF VESSELS:

TANKERS:

 

 

These vessels are designed to carry cargoes including crude oil, refined dirty products, refined clean products, chemical and gas, and generally fall into the following groups:

 

SIZE GROUPS

ABBREVIATION OR REMARK

DWT RANGE

HANDYSIZE

Handysize

About    10 / 37,000 dwt

MR

Medium Range

About    37 / 55,000 dwt

PANAMAX or LR1

 

LR1 (Large Range) if coated tanks for refined products

About    60 / 80,000 dwt

AFRAMAX or LR2

 

LR2 (Large Range) if coated tanks for refined products

About   90 / 120,000 dwt

SUEZMAX

Suezmax

About 120 / 160,000 dwt

VLGC

Very Large Gas Carrier

About            76,600 cbm

VLCC

Very Large Crude Carrier

About 240 / 320,000 dwt

ULCC

Ultra Large Crude Carrier

About 320 / 550,000 dwt

 

 

 

 

BULK CARRIERS (DRY CARGO):

 

 

All these vessels are single deckers with a varying number of holds for the carriage of bulk cargoes such as grain, ore, coal, steel etc.

 

SIZE GROUPS

ABBREVIATION OR REMARK

DWT RANGE

HANDYSIZE

4 holds / hatches or 5 holds / hatches. Geared with 25 - 35 ton cranes

About    20 / 35,000 dwt

HANDYMAX

5 holds / hatches. Geared with 25 – 35 ton cranes

About    36 / 49,000 dwt

SUPRAMAX

25-36 ton cranes which are usually fitted with own grabs

About    50 / 64,000 dwt

PANAMAX / KAMSARMAX

7 holds / hatches. Usually gearless

About    65 / 82,000 dwt

POST PANAMAX / MINI CAPE

7 holds / hatches. Usually gearless

About    87 / 115,000 dwt

CAPESIZE

9 holds / hatches. Gearless

About  120 / 200,000 dwt

VERY LARGE ORE / BULK, also VALEMAX, CHINAMAX

9 holds / hatches. Gearless

About  220 / 400,000 dwt

 

 

 

 

SPECIALIST VESSELS:

 

 

TYPE

ABBREVIATION OR REMARK

DWT RANGE

OO

A vessel which is adapted to carry both oil and ore

 

Any

OBO

A general purpose vessel which is adapted to carry oil, general bulk and ore

Any

TWEEENDECKER / MULTI – PURPOSE (MPP)

A vessel of two or more decks for the carriage of general cargo including bagged and / or mixed general cargoes and containers

Any

REEFER

A refrigerated ship for meat, fish, fruit and vegetables, etc.

Any

RO / RO (ROLL ON / ROLL OFF), PCC (PURE CAR CARRIER), PCTC (RURE CAR / TRUCK CARRIER)

Roll on roll off vessels with ramps suitable for wheeled and tracked cargoes

Any

CONTAINERSHIP

Vessel carrying general and high value cargoes in containers (commonly referred to as boxes), some of which may be refrigerated. Capacity is expressed as the equivalent numbers of TEUs (twenty foot equivalent units) or FEUs (forty foot of equivalent units)

Any

 

FREIGHT MARKET INFORMATION – SHIPS DEFINITIONS:

 

SIZE GROUPS

ABBREVIATION OR REMARK

DWT & CBM RANGE

HANDYSIZE

fitted with cranes

28,000 dwt, 37,523 cbm grain

SUPRAMAX                   

fitted with cranes & grabs

52,454 metric dwt, 67,756 cbm grain

PANAMAX

 

gearless

74,000 metric dwt, 89,000 cbm grain

CAPESIZE

gearless

172,000 metric dwt